Winter weather has arrived for much of North America and with that comes the normal cold weather hardships, including the possibility of snow, sleet and ice along with flu season and freezing temperatures. Those low temperatures can also cause a specific plumbing complication for homeowners – frozen pipes.
A frozen pipe is a common, yet sometimes large-scale plumbing issue to face. When the weather turns cold and the temperature dips below freezing, the water in your home’s pipes may freeze and enlarge, which can result in anything from a tiny leak to full-fledge flooding.
There are several signs that can alert you to a frozen pipe. If you find a water line covered in frost or any lumps within the pipe, that is a pretty distinct indication that your water pipe is frozen. While it may seem straightforward to know if your water lines are frozen, just understand that not all plumbing pipes are easy to see. If you turn on the sink and the water is not running, or not flowing properly, or your toilets won’t refill after a flush, that’s also an indicator that your pipes are likely frozen.
So what can you do in the event that you think your pipes could be frozen? It is crucial to shut off the power to your water supply before you try to thaw your pipe in order to prevent the pipe from breaking. Try warming the frozen area of the pipe with heated water or packing towels that have been soaked in hot water around your water pipes. If these steps don’t solve the problem, call a professional plumber in to help. Never attempt to use a blowtorch, kerosene or propane heater, or anything else with an open flame, as these are fire hazards.
If the pipe has actually burst, begin soaking up the water with a mop, rags or sponges to clean up as much as you can before it causes damage. If the damage is critical, go ahead and contact your insurance agent – some homeowners insurance policies cover burst pipes that cause water damage.
The American Red Cross recommends taking these actions to keep your pipes from freezing:
Keep garage doors sealed if there are water supply lines in the garage.
Open kitchen and bathroom cabinet doors to enable warmer air to circulate around the plumbing. Be sure to move any harmful cleaners and household chemicals up out of the reach of children.
When the weather is very cold outside, let the cold water drip from the faucet served by exposed pipes. Running water through the pipe - even at a trickle - helps prevent pipes from freezing.
Keep the thermostat set to the same temperature both during the day and at night. By temporarily suspending the use of lower nighttime temperatures, you may have a higher heating bill, but you can prevent a much more costly repair job if pipes freeze and burst.
If you will be traveling during cold weather, leave the heat on in your home, set to a temperature no lower than 55° F.
If these preventative actions don’t work and you find yourself combating frozen pipes this winter, call the plumbing Experts—available 24/7/365— to help at or schedule an appointment online.